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Public Domain
Songs published before 1923 are in the Public Domain and do not require licensing for any use.  

Make Sure It Is Public Domain
More often than not, songs are copyrighted, even if they seem really old. It can be tempting to assume a song is in the Public Domain just because it's old. But to do things properly, you need to be sure. The best way to know for sure whether a song is in the Public Domain is to submit it to us for a free search. We research the copyright holder for you so that you can be one hundred percent certain. If the song is in the Public Domain, we will tell you and you won't have to get a license. If it is copyrighted, you will feel good knowing you have done the right thing.

If You Want to Do Your Own Research
If you would like to research for yourself whether a song is in the Public Domain, here's how to do it: First, try searching Wikipedia for the song title plus the word 'song' at the end. For example, if you want to search the Beatles song "Here Comes the Sun", enter the search phrase "Here Comes the Sun Song". This will help you find the Wikipedia song page. There, you can find the year the song was published. If the publishing date is before 1923, if the song has no composer, or if it is a folk song, the song is in the Public Domain. If you cannot find the song in Wikipedia, you can also try searching the databases at and Finally, Google is also a good resource. As long as you can find solid evidence that the song was published before 1923, you are clear. If you are playing from sheet music, please read the following paragraph to avoid complications with copyrighted arrangements of Public Domain works.

If You are Playing from Sheet Music
Often publishers copyright their new arrangements of Public Domain works. If you use a copyrighted arrangement, you do need permission from the copyright holder of that arrangement. Often this is the case with choral arrangements of traditional classical works, so check the bottom of your sheet music for copyright information (click here for an example).

Sound Recordings

Public Domain status for sound recordings is handled differently from songs (compositions). Currently no sound recordings are in the Public Domain in the United States.

More Information:

Christmas Songs and the Public Domain
Learn which Christmas songs are in the Public Domain and which are copyrighted.

Stanford University Article on Public Domain
This fantastic article explains Public Domain in more detail.
This web site explains Public Domain in further detail and has a good database of PD songs.
A collection of free choral and vocal scores, texts, translations, and other useful information.
An extensive list of Public Domain hymns.

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